There are many definitions of knowledge that have been made over time. Some of these are given below and the main features of the information are stated:
– Knowledge is facts acquired through learning, research or observation.
– Knowledge is expressed as the name given to the efforts made to fit various emotional experiences into a logical exemplary thought system.
– Information is expressed as the meaning that a person directs to data by making use of the agreed-upon rules used in information processing.
Knowledge is the name given to all the facts, facts and principles that the human mind can contain.
Knowledge is the name given to each of the elements that must be known in order to make a judgment.
– Knowledge is a product of people’s social work and thinking activities; It is a phenomenon based on the intellectual reproduction of impartial legal relations in the changing objective environment in the form of language.
Within these definitions, it is possible to examine the types of information under 6 main headings:
Everyday (Empirical, Irregular, Ordinary) Knowledge: Science is knowledge, but not all knowledge is science.
The first stage in science is the stage of everyday knowledge. Even if this type of information is correct, it must be passed through the scientific method process to understand whether it is true to the original.
Everyday (ordinary) knowledge is the knowledge of the reality that those who do not take scientific formation see and perceive in their daily life experiences, the visible senses, that is, the plain truth. The ordinary person is content with this knowledge. One of the characteristics of ordinary knowledge is that it is born separately for each event and is evaluated only depending on these events. Even if any information reflects the truth, we cannot talk about its general validity because it does not pass through the filter of science.
Technical Information: Technical information has passed through the stages of tool technology and machine technology, respectively, and has now reached the stage of automation technology. Technical knowledge is the information that people need in the tools they produce for people who want to turn nature in their favor and lead a more comfortable life.
Knowledge of Art: It is called art to produce something that does not exist in nature for beauty and aesthetic satisfaction. There is no concrete or scientific knowledge obligation in the knowledge of art. Art knowledge is the information that the artist is inspired by in the world of dreams, dreams and feelings before or during the performance of art through different channels.
Religious Knowledge: Religion, as a belief system that explains man and his existence, regulates the inner and outer life of man. The rules, values and information that are set by the creator in religious beliefs and that regulate people’s lives are called religious knowledge.
Philosophical Knowledge: The holistic knowledge system that examines existence and existence with all its depth and dimensions is called philosophy. Philosophy first examines existence in its form of existence, then tries to recognize existence and then evaluates existence and existence. In other words, philosophy brings the processes of acquiring knowledge through methods such as deduction, induction, syllogism, analogy, non-contradiction, and third case in logic.
Philosophical knowledge is also called the knowledge obtained through the effort of making analyzes with logical methods and obtaining consistent information about existence and the universe. Philosophical knowledge, like mathematics, is in a superscientific position. In philosophical knowledge, we cannot talk about “laboratory proof”, experiment, cause-effect, survey or research, which are the methods of accessing knowledge in science.
Scientific Knowledge: Scientific knowledge can be defined as the result or results that emerge as a result of the systematic method, style, method, method used to lead us to the truth, the truth, the truth about objects, events, phenomena and thoughts. In that case, science can be defined as the body of correct information arranged in any way as a scientific result or product.